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Albertosaurus

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Albertosaurus
New Albertosaurus
Name Albertosaurus
Order Saurischia
Suborder Theropoda
Class Tyrannosauroidea

Dinosauria

Name Translation Alberta lizard
Period Late Cretaceous (71-65 million years ago)
Location North America
Diet Meat
Size 25 to 33 feet (7.5 to 10 metres) long


General Information

Albertosaurus was an earlier relative to the better-known Tyrannosaurus. Both are examples of large, late
Albertosaurus-gorgosaurus libratus

Albertosaurus

Cretaceous Tyrannosaurids, with Albertosaurus the smaller of the two. In many ways the two were similar: the head was large compared to the body, the tiny forearms had only two fingers each, and the long tail balanced the body over two powerful back legs. But the eyes of Tyrannosaurus looked forward and those of Albertosaurus looked more toward the sides. This suggests that Albertosaurus did not judge distances as well, so that when it hunted, it probably did not leap onto its prey. It was also related to the larger, more advanced Daspletosaurus, and even lived alongside it for a while.

Stealth, power and speed were its biggest assets. With its long, powerful rear legs, Albertosaurus could outrun its prey or ambush a heavy herbivore that stood alone and unprotected. The rear legs could deliver crushing blows, knocking the prey off balance. It delivered deadly wounds with its claws. The light build and long legs show that it was relatively fast and graceful. It may have been able to run 15-40 miles per hour

Albertosaurus Skull

The skull of an Albertosaurus.

The head of Albertosaurus had two small, blunt horns like the comb on a chicken today. It is possible that the male had brightly colored skin covering the horns to attract the female during mating season. It would be like birds today, with the males brightly colored to attract females.

Fossil remains of Albertosaurus are common, especially teeth, which often broken when it was feeding. Several species are recognized: Albertosaurus sarcophagus and Albertosaurus Libratus are the most common. Albertosaurus lancensis has been renamed Nanotyrannus. Some paleontologists think the theropod dinosaur Alectrosaurus olseni from Mongolia is a species of Albertosaurus. If this is correct Albertosaurus lived in both North America and Asia. Albertosaurus may have hunted in packs. Albertosaurus could have hunted Albertaceratops.

History

Although the small flesh-eating dinosaurs were diverse and dangerous, Cretaceous Alberta was ruled by members of the family tyrannosauridae. 

Deinosuchus and albertosaurus

An artist's impression of Albertosaurus and Deinosuchus.

All tyrannosaurs had hind legs that were long and powerful, with each hind foot having three toes ending in enormous claws. The two-fingered front limbs were small, not much larger than a mature human arm. The function of the front limbs is not known.

Albertosaurus, the "lizard from Alberta," was among the most fearsome predators in Cretaceous Alberta. 9 meters long and 3 meters high at the hip, it is the most common of the large carnivores found here. Smaller but longer-limbed than T. rex, Albertosaurus would have been a mobile hunter. Like modern carnivores, it probably fed on the carcasses of already dead animals as well.

Albertosaurus weighed up to 3 tons yet may have been capable of attaining speeds of more than 40 mph. This fleetness, combined with obvious physical strength, would have made Albertosaurus a fierce hunter, but less than the more massive T. rex. Albertosaurus neck was strong and muscular, supporting a large but lightly built head. The teeth were long and recurved with saw-like edges, perfect for tearing flesh. They were not adapted for chewing, making it likely than Albertosaurus swallowed flesh in large chunks.

Albertosaurus Skeleton

An Albertosaurus skeleton.

Albertosaurus bones were among the earliest dinosaur remains collected in Alberta. A skull found by J.B. Tyrrell in 1884 was the first important dinosaur fossil to be discovered along the Red Deer River. It was named in 1905, the same year that Alberta became a province. Since then, ma

ny Albertosaurus fossils have been discovered. the smallest documented Albertosaurus, a juvenile less than a quarter of the size of a full grown adult, was collected from Sandy Point on the South Saskatchewan River in 1986. [1]

J.B. Tyrrell spent most of his long career as a geologist, explorer and entrepreneur on the Canadian Shield. However, in 1884 his first field work was in Cretaceous strata along the Red Deer River where his discovery of a skull of the tyrannosaur Albertosaurus provided a name to the paleontological museum in Drumheller.

In the media

Albertosaurus has been a famous tyrannosaur for a long time. It was in the popular documentary Jurassic
  • Primeval: New World Albertosaurus
  • Jurassic Fight Club Albertosaurus
  • Prehistoric Park Albertosaurus
Fight Club
in the episode "Biggest Killers" where it talks about the killing ability of Albertosaurus, and in the episode "River of Death", where it shows how a pack of Albertosaurus

attacked a herd of Pachyrhinosaurus. It is also shown in the movie March of the Dinosaurs, where a herd of Edmontosaurus are ambushed by a pack of Albertosaurus while the hadrosaurs are heading south during the frozen winter.

Albertosaurus appeared in the final episode of Prehistoric Park.

Albertosaurus is briefly mentioned in the tenth episode of Primeval's third series. An Albertosaurus appears in the first episode of Primeval: New World where it kills Evan Cross's wife. It reappears in the eighth episode of the series when Evan hallucinates after being sneezed on by a Pachycephalosaurus. It appears for the final time in the thirteenth and final episode where it rampages through London and later Vancouver before finally being slain by Evan. The theropod is depicted with horns and a missing arm.

Jurassic Fight Club - Albertosaurus06:31

Jurassic Fight Club - Albertosaurus.avi



References

General Information Credits to "ROMTECH" Computer CD Dinosaur Discovery

History credits to http://www.cbv.ns.ca/marigold/history/dinosaurs/datafiles/albertosaurus.html and http://gsc.nrcan.gc.ca/paleochron/31_e.php

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albertosaurus

http://animals.howstuffworks.com/dinosaurs/albertosaurus.htm

http://www.prehistoric-wildlife.com/species/a/albertosaurus.html

http://archaeology.knoji.com/albertosaurus-the-tyrants-cretaceous-cousin/

http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Albertosaurus

http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/dinosaurs/dinos/Albertosaurus.shtml

Documentaries:

Jurassic Fight Club

March of the Dinosaurs

Dino Gangs

Prehistoric Park

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